DRBD Users Guide 8.0-8.3

Adding a DRBD-backed service to the cluster configuration

This section explains how to enable a DRBD-backed service in a Pacemaker cluster.


If you are employing the DRBD OCF resource agent, it is recommended that you defer DRBD startup, shutdown, promotion, and demotion exclusively to the OCF resource agent. That means that you should disable the DRBD init script:

chkconfig drbd off

The drbd OCF resource agent provides Master/Slave capability, allowing Pacemaker to start and monitor the DRBD resource on multiple nodes and promoting and demoting as needed. You must, however, understand that the drbd RA disconnects and detaches all DRBD resources it manages on Pacemaker shutdown, and also upon enabling standby mode for a node.


The OCF resource agent which ships with DRBD belongs to the linbit provider, and hence installs as /usr/lib/ocf/resource.d/linbit/drbd. This resource agent was bundled with DRBD in version 8.3.2 as a beta feature, and became fully supported in 8.3.4.

There is a legacy resource agent that shipped with Heartbeat 2, which uses the heartbeat provider and installs into /usr/lib/ocf/resource.d/heartbeat/drbd. Using the legacy OCF RA is not recommended.

In order to enable a DRBD-backed configuration for a MySQL database in a Pacemaker CRM cluster with the drbd OCF resource agent, you must create both the necessary resources, and Pacemaker constraints to ensure your service only starts on a previously promoted DRBD resource. You may do so using the crm shell, as outlined in the following example:

crm configure
crm(live)configure# primitive drbd_mysql ocf:linbit:drbd \
                    params drbd_resource="mysql" \
                    op monitor interval="15s"
crm(live)configure# ms ms_drbd_mysql drbd_mysql \
                    meta master-max="1" master-node-max="1" \
                         clone-max="2" clone-node-max="1" \
crm(live)configure# primitive fs_mysql ocf:heartbeat:Filesystem \
                    params device="/dev/drbd/by-res/mysql" directory="/var/lib/mysql" fstype="ext3"
crm(live)configure# primitive ip_mysql ocf:heartbeat:IPaddr2 \
                    params ip="" nic="eth0"
crm(live)configure# primitive mysqld lsb:mysqld
crm(live)configure# group mysql fs_mysql ip_mysql mysqld
crm(live)configure# colocation mysql_on_drbd inf: mysql ms_drbd_mysql:Master
crm(live)configure# order mysql_after_drbd inf: ms_drbd_mysql:promote mysql:start
crm(live)configure# commit
crm(live)configure# exit

After this, your configuration should be enabled. Pacemaker now selects a node on which it promotes the DRBD resource, and then starts the DRBD-backed resource group on that same node.